How to Attract Pollinators to Your Garden

Pollinators, like bees and butterflies, make the range of flowers, fruits and veggies we enjoy possible.  Without them we would not be able to grow most fruits and vegetables and a large number of flowers would no longer be seen.  It is important to provide pollinators with what they need in our gardens.  We can do that by providing many types of flowers and bloom times that are attractive to bees, butterflies, and other pollinators.

What do they get from these flowers?  pollen and nectar.  Pollen provides proteins and fats for the pollinators and nectar is their source of energy in the form of sugar.  Hybridized plants maximize some characteristics of garden plants but in the process are often left sterile and useless to pollinators so select species plants whenever possible.

Because the different pollinators have different equipment and needs when foraging it is best to provide range of plants with different bloom times and flower shapes through the growing season.  There are over 4000 native bees in North America with different tongue lengths and plant preferences.  Bees are attracted to flowers that are blue, purple, violet, white and yellow (which they see as “blue”).  Butterflies prefer flat topped flowers like the umbriferous flowers (lady’s mantle, fennel, etc) so that they can perch daintily on the flower top while eating.  Hummers are drawn to red tubular shaped flowers that better fit their bills.

It is also important not to use pesticides in your garden.  It is a destructive force on pollinator population and the ecology of the garden in general.

Just a hint…bees love most flowering herbs.

Happy Gardening!!

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